The arts of the Islamic civilization

The arts of the Islamic civilization
This element is distinguished by its superior beauty and its multiplicity, and the Muslim artist specifically gave the Kufic calligraphy a lot of attention and use it extensively in the works of art related to this art, he used this art and Kufic calligraphy specifically in beautifying mosques with Quranic verses on the walls and all corners. Then the art of decorating and beautification using Arabic calligraphy spread by artists and became the basic material for decorating and beautifying all buildings.

The muslim artist was not stopped with that, but also worked on developing the use of this artistic element and expanding the linking of Kufic calligraphy with all decorative works and added many other artistic elements.

This merging of these elements together helped the emergence and development of the Islamic decoration art through the merging of calligraphy with floral motifs with arabesque art and geometric motifs, and even the artists of this era excelled by modifying and shaping the letter itself as an important and essential decorative element in their artistic works.

Why did the Muslim artist specialize the Kufic script with so much interest?

It is known that the reason for naming the Kufic script by this name is because of the emergence that came in the ancient city of Kufa, It is the oldest and most beautiful Arabic script, and the Kufic script is distinguished by its depends on straight lines and also circles while allowing a large range of modification,  This is the basis of the decorative arts In general, which makes the Kufic calligraphy the best and most suitable for use in this type of decorative arts, It is very easy for artists and helps them greatly to integrate it with decorative drawings and designs.

Uses of Kufic script in Islamic motifs:

The use of Kufic script emerged in the codification of Qur’ans, especially at the era between the fourth and fifth centuries of the Hijra, and its use developed in many methods of decoration, such as engineering decoration and the decoration of the walls of places of worship and religious installations,

 The development and diversity of the decoration in the Kufic script did not stop nor the emergence of many styles of this line, but rather many types developed to the point of exaggeration in the ways of altering and forming letters, and this change and change in the shape of the letter was not far from the art of Islamic decoration itself, but rather it was considered a type from this ornament and one of its new forms, these new types of letter decoration have reached nearly eighty types and more, and in the Abbasid era, the Kufic script and the Islamic arts of decoration in general reached the height of prosperity and perfection and became a kind of extreme artistic luxury, which It was never reached by the Islamic civilization before except in this age.

We at Farjo are aware of the importance of using Arabic calligraphy in the decoration and handicraft industries, all our craftsmen master the works of decorating with scripts, specifically the Kufic script, due to its importance and beauty that was previously explained in this article.